native-swineThe Department of Agriculture- Bureau of Agricultural Research (DA-BAR), in a bid to promote native swine production technologies, has partnered and conducted with the Bureau of Animal Industry-Native Swine and Poultry Research and Development Center (BAI-NSPRDC) and DA-Quezon Agricultural Experiment Station (QAES) a site reconnaissance in preparation for the establishment of technology demonstration sites for native swine production.

In the Philippines, native swine is popularly served as roasted pig or “lechon” during festivities and occasions. With the increasing demand for healthy and nutritious food brought about by the escalating trend of health conscious individuals, native swine is one commodity to fit in.


phirardepA year after the establishment of the Philippine Rainfed Agriculture Research, Development and Extension Program (PhiRARDEP), an initiative borne by the collaboration of the Philippine Department of Agriculture-High Value Crops Development Program (DA-HVCDP), Bureau of Agricultural Research (BAR), and the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), the “Capacity Strengthening, Review and Planning Workshop for PhiRARDEP” was held to convene experts, officials, and agricultural specialists from different regions of the country.

Spearheaded by the BAR and ICRISAT, the national event aimed to evaluate, assess and improve PhiRARDEP in a holistic approach which involves the review of previous efforts done and accomplishments achieved since 2011, capacitating of key players on impact assessment for the further direction of the program, and planning for and drafting of the PhiRARDEP roadmap. “Knowing the vast potential of the rainfed areas to contribute to food security, PhiRARDEP is seen to lay the foundation for establishing a unified national agenda for rainfed agriculture in which the RD&E sector and other concerned stakeholders will be able to significantly contribute by making innovations, generating and developing technologies, and formulating policies appropriate for the rainfed environment. To this end, the strategies, results, and impacts of the PhiRARDEP will be taken into consideration in drawing up the overall DA framework for the achievement of sustainable agricultural growth,” said Dr. Nicomedes P. Eleazar, director of BAR, in his welcome remarks.


praIn the field of research and development, participatory approach is becoming an innovative approach. Research institutions and community-led organizations have been effectively utilizing this method in the conduct and implementation of different R&D activities. The Bureau of Agricultural Research (BAR) adheres to the principles of participation. The Community-based Participatory Action Research (CPAR), one of its banner programs, continues to embrace the participatory nature of the program.

How participatory is participatory in CPAR

The CPAR is designed to emphasize the involvement of the community, especially of farmers and fisherfolk, leading to dynamic and responsive research outputs. BAR advocates that communities can best determine their needs for their social transformation and describe their role in society as well. The CPAR program is now becoming a vehicle for community development and empowerment. Through the years, BAR-supported and -funded projects of various farming and fishing communities have continued to serve as models or platforms for such development.

gpoAgriculture is and will always be the most heavily damaged sector whenever a country has experienced typhoons, floods, and droughts. This is an inconvenient hazard in which the country cannot escape from particularly when the damage has caused millions of pesos worth of crops and infrastructures.

After the onslaught of strong typhoon Reming, the Bicol region suffered the hardest blow affecting all of its six provinces. More or less than 19,000 hectares of rice fields were destroyed. With support coming from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), this prompted the Department of Agriculture (DA) to conduct an overall assessment and design a rehabilitation plan for agriculture and livelihood in the affected areas.

The results of the assessment and the disaster-risk reduction strategies and coping mechanisms done were presented during the 24th National Research Symposium (NRS) organized by the Bureau of Agricultural Research (BAR). The study titled, “Lowland Irrigated Good Practice Options (GPOs) for Disaster Risk Reduction/Climate Change Adaptation in Bicol (GPOs for Rice Farming)” bagged the Agriculture and Fishery Modernization Act Best R&D Paper under the TA/TV agriculture category. The winning paper was presented by Ms. Luz R. Marcelino, co-author and manager of DA-Bicol Integrated Agricultural Research Center (DA-BIARC).

vermicultureHigh-rise condominiums, studio-type apartments, huge commercial establishments, train-like structures of slum areas— these are the common views all over the metro. Indeed, urbanization has invaded most of our cities which brought out numerous problems. One is improper solid waste disposal, which becomes an environmental threat for us Filipinos due to the previous calamities that caused severe casualties. Another effect of urbanization is inadequate space for planting various crops, herbs and ornamentals. Unfortunately, the concept of “bahay kubo” is not anymore applicable in urban setting because all you can see are cements and firewalls, instead of nutrient-rich vegetables at your backyard. Thus, families have no direct access on the health and nutritional benefits of freshly harvested vegetables, fruits and herbs.

To address problems on garbage, food security and nutrition, the concept of Urban Gardening came into the picture. Through Urban Gardening, empty containers are being utilized as receptacle for the planting media so that any person can grow his or her own vegetables, fruits and herbs within their household despite of inadequate space.

But how can we grow a healthy plant with small amount of soil?