Goat raising is a practical livestockbased enterprise that requires minimal investment but guarantees a good return in a short period of time. However, the lack of quality breeder stock and the high cost of breeding activities are some of the constraints that cause the low rate of local goat production in the country.

 

The price of goat is mainly determined by its genetic size and weight. When it reaches its marketable age, usually at eight months, a native goat, weighing 16 kilos can be sold at Php 1,600 while an upgraded goat or a goat of good breed, weighing 30 kilos is double the price.

 

To improve the genes of goats, Rita T. dela Cruz AI in goat: a farmer needs guaranteed goat breeders. Unfortunately, bucks cost a lot more and are difficult to find. But with artificial insemination (AI), the same benefit is within reach of farmer-entrepreneurs.

 

AI is one of the best technologies being used today as an alternative to natural breeding. It is used to fast track the dissemination of genetic materials from quality breeders to improve the blood composition of farm animals.

 

Although AI is more widelyused for cattle and swine, its use for goat breeding is yet to be fully explored. Many goat raisers are still hesitant in adopting AI in goat due to: 1) unavailability of processed semen, 2) lack of trained inseminators, and 3) absence of a viable industry to support the commercialization of the technology.

 

To address these constraints, the Cagayan Valley Small Ruminants Research Center (CVSRRC) of the Isabela State University implemented the project “Commercialization and Institutionalization of Artificial Insemination for Goats Delivery System in Cagayan Valley.”

 

Funded by the Bureau of Agricultural Research (BAR), the project is headed by Dr. Jonathan Nayga of CVSRRC with the hope of upgrading local stocks that will make the technology accessible to target clients. Specifically, the project aimed to increase the production of processed goat semen intended for AI and to train more technicians who will facilitate the delivery of insemination services to intended clients.

 

After the project was initiated in 2012, it is now producing benefits not only to direct beneficiaries but to the goat industry as a whole. After the development of AI protocols, the project was able to sustain the upgrading of stocks for the production of quality slaughter goats in the Cagayan Valley region through technology commercialization and institutionalization activities.

 

Increasing availability of frozen semen

Through the AI technology, frozen semen from a buck is thawed and then inserted or deposited into the cervix of a doe in heat. If the necessary equipment is available, the use of frozen semen is much less expensive than paying a breeding fee.

 

For this project, the ISU-AI Goat Semen Processing Laboratory was tapped for semen processing. Part of the project activities was the purchase of breeder bucks of pure breed to increase the production of processed frozen semen.

 

As part of the commercialization initiative, the laboratory at ISU is selling frozen semen of Boer, Anglo-Nubian, and Toggenburg breeds to private raisers and commercial farms. Much of these genetic materials have already reached parts of Northern Luzon and even Central Visayas.

 

Training inseminators

Capacity-building activities for AI service providers are important components of the project. These come in the forms of trainings and implementation of a technology orientation program. Participants were provided with start-up kits for insemination. Sixty-seven AI service providers in Cagayan Valley underwent the training on AI and conducted 1,211 inseminations.

 

Today, the technicians are continuously providing insemination services to qualified does. Provision of AI services has become an additional source of income for them. It also provides the means to sustain the upgrading of stocks for the production of quality slaughter to pigs because it influences average daily gain negatively, and increases feed conversion. Soybean feed meals prepared for native livestock are the by-products from oil extraction or soy sauce production, otherwise known as whole soybean. Whether or not whole soybean is fermented is one of the variables studied by Dr. Sanchez and her team. Initial results have successfully proven that fermented soybean leads to positive effects on native pig’s gastrointestinal and respiratory systems.

 

Study three and four of Dr. Sanchez’s research project looked into the effect of soybean feed formulations to the reproductive performance of female native pigs. Soybean contains compounds called phytoestrogens. Phytoestrogens have a similar make-up of human estrogens, the compound released in a woman’s body that regulates her menstrual cycle.

 

Foreign studies conducted with rodents have shown that high dietary intakes of soy isoflavones (phytoestrogens in soybean) resulted in the increase of uterine and ovarian weight as well as higher levels of follicle stimulating hormones. Even Dr. Sanchez herself has conducted similar tests on rodents at the Nutraceutical Research Laboratory, a BARfunded research facility in PSAU.

 

Dr. Sanchez and her colleagues are now analyzing initial data of the changes in a native pig’s reproductive cycle under various soybean feed formulations. The research tested the hypotheses of Dr. Sanchez that if fed with soybean, female native pigs will have prolonged estrus or “heat period” therefore increasing gilt’s potential for pregnancy.

 

During one of the bureau’s monitoring activities in Region 3, Jacob Sanchez who is a member of the project team expressed the need for studying the pig’s reproductive performance because Philippine native breeds have irregular estrus. Developing an enhanced and all-natural soybean feed meal can potentially be useful in improving the reproductive performance of native pig.

 

This component of the study can be attributed as research efforts towards genetic conservation of native animals. According to Dr. Sanchez, raisers of native pigs crossbreed their stock with commercial breeds in order to produce bigger livestock. While this is more profitable, it puts at risk the genetic diversity of native pigs which can potentially lead to extinction. But studies like that of Dr. Sanchez aimed to conserve biodiversity while at the same time, address the needs of farmers who want to augment their income through native pig raising. ### Rita T. dela Cruz

 

For more information:

Dr. Geraldine C. Sanchez

Project Leader

Pampanga State Agricultural University

(045) 866 0800

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

In our goal to continually improve the services we provide, we would like to get your insights on the second part of the online seminar on Organic Seed Production Systems for Legumes and Lowland Vegetables you attended. Your views and comments will really help us make our upcoming online seminars and events even more useful and relevant. Please let us know what you think. You can say as little or as much as you'd like.

For those who wish to obtain a certificate of participation, kindly also provide us your email address, where we will send the certificate, through the online evaluation form.

In our goal to continually improve the services we provide, we would like to get your insights on the second part of the online seminar on Improved Post-harvest Handling of Banana, Wombok, and Tomato with Dr. Perlita Nuevo you attended. Your views and comments will really help us make our upcoming online seminars and events even more useful and relevant. Please let us know what you think. You can say as little or as much as you'd like.

For those who wish to obtain a certificate of participation, kindly also provide us your email address, where we will send the certificate, through the online evaluation form.

Soybean is considered one of the most valued crops in the world. Apart from its contribution to the agricultural sector as livestock feed, soybean is now gaining popularity as a healthful food. With its proven medicinal properties and benefits, a number of people and groups have started venturing into soybean processing not only for profit but also to combat malnutrition and alleviate some medical conditions that are thought to be related to proper food consumption.

 

          Autism Recovery Network of the Philippines (ARNP) was founded in 2011 in the aim to increase awareness on Autism as they provide support to families affected by autism. With autism widely considered before as a condition that affects behavior, ARNP, along with other organizations that look into autism, sees autism as a “whole system disorder.” This perspective led to various hypothesis and studies that have linked physical symptoms of autism such as gastrointestinal dysfunction to the neurobehavioral features observed in children with autism. As such, parents of children with autism are now looking into improved food choices and specialized diet as means to help their sons and daughters become healthier and less symptomatic. ARNP, in its aim to come up with diet recommendations for children with special needs, implemented the project “Technology Piloting of Soybean Production and Utilization in Camarines Norte.”

 

          Focused at promoting the production, utilization, and processing of soybean to help prevent malnutrition to children, especially to those with autism, ARNP, through its president, Marilou Lagdameo, implemented a series of activities toward showcasing soybean as an inexpensive and organic protein source when consumed as food and as a means of livelihood and income to Camarines Norte farmers and processors through soybean production and processing.

 

          With the soybean seed samples distributed during the seminar conducted by the University of the Philippines Los Baños (UPLB) and the Department of Agriculture-Bureau of Agricultural Research (DA-BAR) on October 2015, ARNP was able to establish demonstration farms in Barangays Napilihan, Calangcawan Sur, and Sto. Domingo. At least 25 farmers from each of these barangays were trained on soybean production, processing, and organic spray application. One of them is Lola Alma Odi, a 79-year-old farmer who now plants soybean along with other high-value vegetables. Despite her age, Lola Alma sees the value of planting soybean. From the half kilo of soybean seeds given to her during the seminar, Lola Alma sold some of her harvests to ARNP which were processed into various soybean-based food products. Through the help of Zoe Almadrones of the Municipal Agricultural Office of Vinzons, Camarines Norte, Lola Alma learned how to produce soybean embutido, which she gladly shared with her children and grandchildren.

 

          Apart from the soybean embutido, ARNP, through the assistance of Eleonor Escurel, Nelia Desalesa, Janeth Alzate, and Juvy Estareja of DA-Regional Field Office V and Almadores, also introduced to their farmer beneficiaries and partners other soybean products. These include soy milk, soybean muffins, soy balls, soy chips, soy polvoron, soy flan, and soy burger patties, which ARNP already introduced and promoted to the public through various local trade fairs and activities.

 

          With these products currently produced manually, by Glenda Galero, soybean processor and president of Soybean Producers and Processors Association of Vinzons, is hopeful that once their soybean processing center becomes fully operational, not only they will be able to respond to the demand to produce more soybean products, they can also encourage more people to venture into soybean production and processing. She said, “Mano-mano lang ang gawa namin, minsan nasusunog pa, hindi namin nape-perfect, kasi wala pa nga kaming processing center…kaya excited kami ba matapos na ‘to [processing center]. Mabenta kasi ang soybean, marami kaming natatanggap na orders. Masarap daw kasi. Kasi marami sa kanila [customers] ang first-time lang makatikim ng produkto na may soybean kaya naiintriga talaga sila. Mas marami yung kumukuha kasi nga gawa ng health benefits ng soybean tapos matagal pa daw makagutom.”

 

          Currently on its 80% completion, construction and acquisition of the ARNP processing center is part of the project’s goal of promoting soybean utilization and processing. Located at Barangay Sto. Domingo, the processing center is a container van that holds primary and secondary soybean processing equipment.

 

          With children with autism as its main target market, project has partnered with Vinzons SPED Resource Center and Mabini SPED Laboratory in distributing their produced soybean milk and muffin to children with special needs. Lagdameo, who personally delivers these products to these centers, attests on their products’ impact to the children with autism. She explains, “Malaki talaga ang pagbabago nung mga bata. In our products, we do not use preservatives as children with autism are known for their gut condition that causes behavioral problem. We believe that autism is a health problem that is why we have these interventions, such as this SPED center and proper diet through the consumption of soya.”

 

          Together with the parents of children with autism, ARNP is hopeful that they will make a difference and impact not only in the lives and future of their children by introducing to their diet soybean products, but also to the people of Camarines Norte who now know of the benefits of producing and processing soybean.

 

          Mario Sta Rosa, father of one of the students in Mabini SPED Laboratory, said, “Sana talaga magtuloy tuloy ‘to kasi gusto ko talagang makita yung pagbabago ng anak ko sa tulong ng soya. Maganda sana kasi makakagaan talaga sa amin. Hindi madali mag-alaga ng may autism, nakakapagod. Kaya mabuti nalang may mga ganitong program sila Ma’am Malou [Lagdameo]. At the end, gusto ko makapag-aral ang anak ko. Gusto ko magkaroon sya ng magandang kinabukasan.” ###(Mara Shyn Valdeabella)

For more information:

Marilou I. Lagdameo

President

Autism Recovery Network of the Philippines

Barangay 3, Taft Iraya St., Daet, Camarines Norte

0946 047 6746

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

  

In our goal to continually improve the services we provide, we would like to get your insights on the second part of the online seminar on Commercialization of Seaweed Value-Added Products with Aida Andayog of the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources you attended. Your views and comments will really help us make our upcoming online seminars and events even more useful and relevant. Please let us know what you think. You can say as little or as much as you'd like.

For those who wish to obtain a certificate of participation, kindly also provide us your email address, where we will send the certificate, through the online evaluation form.

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