Climate Change Program
Addressing climate change in the agriculture and fisheries is far more challenging and urgent since this sector produces food and livelihood for the people. Changing weather patterns causes environment stresses resulting to floods, severe soil erosions, strong winds drought, and the occurrence of novel pathogens which could deliberately affect agricultural productivity.
Recognizing the seriousness of such need on climate change mitigation and adaptation research initiatives, the Bureau of Agricultural Research came up with the Climate Change Research, Development and Extension (RDE) Agenda and Program for Agriculture and Fisheries. The program is a result of a series of consultations, meetings and workshop with the agriculture and fisheries RDE sector and stakeholders to address the anticipated impacts of climate change.
Following the policy thrust of the DA Climate Change Program which is anchored on two pillars: mitigation and adaptation, with adaptation as the anchor strategy and mitigation measures as a function of adaptation, the components of BAR’s Climate Change RDE Program focused on short- and long-term adaptation strategies and mitigation options that would strategically target issues connected with climate change.
The Climate Change RDE program is composed of four components:
1) short-term adaptation strategies;
2) long-term adaptation strategies;
3) other adaptation strategies (from DA Climate Change Program); and
4) mitigation strategies
Priority is given to adaptation strategies studies including technology generation, forecasting tools, climate risk assessment, biodiversity, watershed, water resources studies. For the long-term, studies like development of crop varieties and animal breeds, soil microbial diversity, crop quality assessment are identified. These strategies are significant to address the potential damage, to take advantage of opportunities, or to cope with the consequences of climate change. Other adaptation strategies following the Department of Agriculture-Policy and Implementation Program on Climate Change (DA-PIPCC) were also included in the framework. Aside from the adaptation strategies, mitigation options are also identified. These are the priorities that must be immediately addressed through RDE activities.